Who has Power (and why) ?
Jaeger has also approached this question (Jaeger, 2001, p. 34), writing that ‘power is easily exercised over discourse, in the form of easy access to media, unlimited access to resources,’ (he wrote this about a science discourse, but it applies to everyday, educational, political and media discourses too).
This seems to imply that access to resources and media is the key to power, and that controlling this access is central.
With the extreme variant of power, military might, the army with the access to most resources will probably (but not always) win, and it is the politicians who control military resources who therefore have most power.
However, looking in the other direction, in societies with a free press, very little control is exerted over the media, or over access to the media. However, this is subject to the norms and standards normal to that society, that is, by a societal discourse ‘turned into a law’.
Further interesting questions are ‘what happens if you use discourse well ??’ and ‘what happens if you don’t use discourse at all ??’ Debatably, President Bush did not use discourse in the Iraq issues leading to the invasion, he ignored the discourses (??). However, another extension of this question is to see discourse as a great civilising force, and non-discourse as the opposing force.